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“Manuscript 512,” an ancient text that mentions a lost 
‘Mediterranean-type city’ in the Amazon

There is an extremely interesting document referred to as Manuscript 512, located in the Brazilian National Library in Rio de Janeiro. It mentions how a group of explorers stumbled upon a ruined ancient city in the eastern parts of Brazil in 1753.

This ‘magnificent stone city’ was unlike any other city they’ve ever seen, with architecture early reminiscent of that of Ancient Greece and mysterious writings not native to the region.

Located in the section of manuscripts at the National Library of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil we find an ancient document dating back to the eighteenth century titled “The manuscript 512,” which tells an incredible story of a lost city in the Amazon, with Ptolemaic writing and architecture similar to that of ancient Greece.

This ancient document speaks of the discovery of an ancient city of stone houses and magnificent wide streets, but not just any stone houses and wide streets: Mediterranean style houses and streets.

The ancient texts describe among many other details how an unknown expedition discovered an ancient city unlike any other in the region, with markings of Ptolemaic Greek, and architecture early reminiscent of that of Ancient Greece or Rome.

According to Manuscript 512, which is written as if it were a letter, an expedition of Portuguese Bandeirantes went into the sertón (a vast region of northeastern Brazil) in search of the mines of Muribeca, a Brazilian version of El Dorado.

Muribeca is the nickname of a descendant of a shipwrecked man taken by the Indians called Diogo Álvares.

The fact is that looking for that Brazilian version of El Dorado, the expeditionaries came across an ancient city devoured by the jungle which left them ecstatic: large buildings, paved roads, arches, reliefs, statues … Allegedly, they even spotted a canoe with two men of white complexion and dressed in the European who fled after seeing them.

The houses in the city, all extremely well decorated, had been abandoned for a long time and had no objects of furniture inside. The description of the city has characteristics of different civilizations of ancient times, especially Greek and Roman, although it also contains details not identified or without association. Thus, the author notes that all the houses in the city, for their regularity and symmetry, seemed one, as if they were from one single owner.

The enigmatic text of the manuscript is completed with curious details, such as documenting the discovery of a bag of gold coins bearing the silhouette of an archer and a crown, or the reproduction of hieroglyphs copied from various corners of the city, which some say bare an uncanny similarity with Greek and Phoenician letters.

Access to the original manuscript is extremely limited at present, although a digital version of this became available with the digital update of the National Library.

Here below is a translation of Manuscript 512, some parts of the text have been lost.

However, despite the fact that this ‘lost city’ is documented in an official manuscript housed in the Brazilian National Library in Rio de Janeiro, no one has ever found traces of this Mediterranean-type city, despite the fact that several expeditions set out in search of this ancient city, and any treasures it may contain.

Even though the Manuscript describes the lost ‘city’ in great detail, it doesn’t include a specific location regrettably.

Many argue that the intricately described ancient city is nothing more than an 18th-century work of fiction.

One of the most famous explorers to have set out in search of the lost city was Colonel Percy Harrison Fawcett, who, together with his son Jack Fawcett and Raleigh Rimmell entered the Amazon jungle in search of a lost city.

Fawcett, who was already extremely interested in the rumors spread by local Indians about lost cities located in uncharted parts of the Amazon, after reading the Manuscript 512, convinced him that the stories were true.


Fawcett did not beli3eve that it was the natives who erected this lost city, but a lost European civilization, or the Phoenicians perhaps, who after arriving in Brazil eventually intermarried with Indians. Fawcett claimed to have seen on numerous occasions, white-skinned Indians, as he traveled across the jungle.

Job Tigers 11.03.2018 0 771
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